Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken

 
  • Family : SAPINDACEAE
    (Soapberry Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : REETHA FAMILY (रीठा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : SAPINDACEAE
  • Basionym : Pistacia oleosa Lour.
  • Synonym(s) : Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Merr.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Merr.
  • Common name : Ceylon Oak, Macassar-Oil Tree
  • Vernacular name : Kusum, Kausum, Kasma (Hindi); Chendaalakota, Kendala, Sagade (Kannada); Puvam, Puvatti, Kolama (Tamil); Puska, Busi, Modakapulusu, Botanga, Bushi chettu, Karaka bushi (Telugu); Kusum, Rusam, Swad kusum (Oria); Mookulakah (Sanskrit); Doodalam, Poovanam, Poovam, Puvam, Puvathi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in plains
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 500m. Oil from the seeds is valued for cooking and for other purposes
  • Key identification features : A large tree; youger leaflets bright red
  • Flower, Fruit : February-August
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 23/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0455
  • Collection Locality : RPRC Garden, Bhubaneswar, Khurda district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Nellore district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Tropical Himalayas, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, Malesia, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Schleichera oleosa. Downloaded on 5 June 2020.

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