Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson

 
  • Family : ARACEAE
    (ARUM FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Araceae
  • Synonym(s) : Amorphophallus campanulatus Blume ex Decne.; Dracontium paeoniifolium Dennst.; Arum campanulatum Decne.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson
  • Common name : Elephant foot Yam
  • Vernacular name : Soorana (Sanskrit); Suvaran, Jameenkand (Hindi); Suvarna gedde, Kadu suvarna gedde (Kannada); Suran (Marathi); Oal, Olna, Oal kinda, Olakunda, Olua (Oria); Manshi kanda (Telugu); Kattuchena, Chena (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Moist deciduous forests. Cultivated for its edible tuber. Very stout
  • Key identification features : A large perennial herb with a massive subterranean tuber (corm). Leaves large with segments spreading. Flowers in spadix and foul-smelling. Spathe bell-shaped
  • Flower, Fruit : May-June
  • Collection Nos : KFP 3679, HFP 1738, HFP 1772, DHN 4154
  • Collection Locality : Belgaum
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Uttara Kannada district, Hassan district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Amravati district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Nagpur district, Pune district, Raigad district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
  • Native : Madagascar
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pacific Islands
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Pullaiah, 1997. Fl. Andhra Pradesh, vol. 3; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Amorphophallus paeoniifolius. Downloaded on 20 June 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.