Palaquium ellipticum (Dalzell) Baill.

  • Family : SAPOTACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapotaceae
  • Basionym : Bassia elliptica Dalzell
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Palaquium ellipticum (Dalzell) Baill.
  • Common name : Indian Gutta Percha
  • Vernacular name : Panchoti mara, Natigattapercha (Kannada); Choppala, Iluppakkai, Pachendi, Pali (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in evergreen forests of Western Ghats at elevations 490-1330 m. Timber is used for building purposes
  • Key identification features : A large tree, with a straight cylincrical trunk and milky latex. Leaves coriaceous, elliptic or elliptic-obovate, abruptly acuminate at apex. Flowers axillary; calyx-lobes 6 in 2 series, outer 3 valvate, inner 3 imbricate, broadly ovate. Stamens 12-18; filaments very short. Ovary villous, 6-celled; style subulate. Berry c.2.5 cm long, ellipsoid, 1-seeded.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-July
  • Collection Nos : Raghavan 97267, Raghavan 74224
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. ellipticum. Downloaded on 15 November 2019.

Botanical Description

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at