Dodonaea viscosa N. Jacq.

 
  • Family : SAPINDACEAE
    (Soapberry Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : REETHA FAMILY (रीठा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : SAPINDACEAE
  • Basionym : Ptelea viscosa L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq.
  • Common name : Hopseed bush, Switch sorrel
  • Vernacular name : Sinatha, Aliaar (Hindi); Bandare, Bandarike (Kannada); Bandaru, Bhandara (Telugu); Mohra, Mahada (Oria); Viraali, Villari (Tamil); Mohara, Mahada (Oria); Aattotta, Vrali, Krali, Unnatharuvi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Shola, evergreen, dry deciduous and scrub forests
  • Key identification features : A large shrub to small tree up to 8 m height.Young shoots are more or less viscid with yellow resin. Leaves are simple, linear-oblong to narrowly oblanceolate, up to 11 cm long, 4.5cm broad. Inflorescence is a panicle of racemes. Flowers are polygamous, corolla is white with recurved margin, stamens are 8 and exserted, ovary is entire with terminal style which is once branched above the middle,stigma is capitate. Fruit is a capsule 1.5 cm broad with wings.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 09/06/2009
  • Collection Nos : FAP 36402
  • Collection Locality : Thummalapalle, Kadapa district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Guntur district, Anantapur district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kadapa district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Puri district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Saldanha, C. J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dodonaea viscosa. Downloaded on 6 June 2020.

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