Mimusops elengi L.

 
  • Family : SAPOTACEAE
    (SAPODILLA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapotaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Mimusops elengi L.
  • Common name : Indian Medlar, Bullet wood Tree, Asian bulletwood, Bakul tree, Spanish cherry
  • Vernacular name : Bakul, Maulsari, Malsari (Hindi); Renje mara, Pagadi mara, Baaglu mara (Kannada); Makizham, Magizhamaram (Tamil); Vakulamu, Pogada, Bogada, Pagada, Kesara (Telugu); Bakul, Baula, Baulo, Bakulo Baula, Kirakuli (Oria); Bakula (Sanskrit); Bakulam, Elanchi, Elangi, Mukura (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and Evergreen forests, also grown in homesteads
  • Comments / notes : Commonly cultivated in plains and lower slopes of the Ghats for its flower.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-September
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district, Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Hawaii, Northern Australia, New Caledonia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Mimusops elengi. Downloaded on 12 November 2019.

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