Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia (Roxb.) Chevalier

 
  • Family : SAPOTACEAE
    (SAPODILLA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapotaceae
  • Basionym : Bassia latifolia Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Madhuca indica J.F.Gmel.; Madhuca latifolia (Roxb.) J.F. Macbr.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia (Roxb.) A.Chev.
  • Common name : Indian Butter Tree
  • Vernacular name : Mahua, Mohwa, Mauwa (Hindi); Ippe (Kannada); Kaattu-iluppai (Tamil); Ippa chettu, Ippi, Madhookamu (Telugu); Moha, Madgi, Mahula, Mahua (Oria); Mahua (Sanskrit); Ilupa, Irippa, Njannal (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Banks of rivers in mixed deciduous forests and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Flowers are sweet scented with nectar.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-July
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia. Downloaded on 12 November 2019.

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