Azima tetracantha Lam.

 
  • Family : SALVADORACEAE
    (Salvadora Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PEELU FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : SALVADORACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Azima tetracantha Lam.
  • Common name : Mistletoe
  • Vernacular name : Kanta gur kamai (Hindi); Yessagale, Biliuppina gida, Goni gida (Kannada); Mulsangu (Tamil); Tella Uppili, Mursangu, Mundra Kampa, Puttu podha, Uppara podha (Telugu); Kundali (Sanskrit); Essanku, Yeshenku, Sankukuppi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Scrub and the foothills of the deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and also homesteads
  • Key identification features : Armed shrub
  • Flower, Fruit : February-September
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R, Raja K.Swamy & Rajasri Ray
  • Collection Date : 12/09/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-50
  • Collection Locality : Pungalam R.F., Jawadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Chittoor district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Bengaluru district, Chitradurga district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Balasore district, Puri district, Kendrapara district, HD, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Villipuram district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Arabia through Africa, Madagascar, Philippines
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Azima tetracantha. Downloaded on 7 July 2020.

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