Sapindus laurifolius Vahl

 
  • Family : SAPINDACEAE
    (SOAPBERRY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapindaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Sapindus trifoliata sensu Hiern in FBI 1875 p.p., non L. 1753.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Soapnut Tree
  • Vernacular name : Aristhaka (Sanskrit); Reeta, Reetae (Hindi); Naruvolu, Antuvaladakai (Kannada); Manippungu, Puchikottai (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and open forests
  • Comments / notes : Grows at low elevations. Fruit is used as a substitute for soap
  • Key identification features : A moderate-sized tree. Leaves are densely arranged with lanceolate leaflets having pointed tip and glabrous surface. Leaf margins are pale white. Flowers are in clusters arranged in bunches at the end of branches. Petals 5 and pale white. Fruits are green-coloured, 2-3 spherical-lobed, joined together and covered with soft hairs. Seeds are black.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-March
  • Collection Nos : CJS 10634, CJS 11366, KFP 11031
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : South India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sapindus laurifolius. Downloaded on 21 September 2019.

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