Dodonaea viscosa N. Jacq.

 
  • Family : SAPINDACEAE
    (SOAPBERRY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapindaceae
  • Basionym : Ptelea viscosa L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq.
  • Common name : Hopseed bush, Switch sorrel
  • Vernacular name : Sinatha, Aliaar (Hindi); Bandare, Bandarike (Kannada); Bandaru, Bhandara (Telugu); Mohra, Mahada (Oria); Viraali, Villari (Tamil); Mohara, Mahada (Oria); Aattotta, Vrali, Krali, Unnatharuvi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Shola, evergreen, dry deciduous and scrub forests
  • Key identification features : A large shrub to small tree up to 8 m height.Young shoots are more or less viscid with yellow resin. Leaves are simple, linear-oblong to narrowly oblanceolate, up to 11 cm long, 4.5cm broad. Inflorescence is a panicle of racemes. Flowers are polygamous, corolla is white with recurved margin, stamens are 8 and exserted, ovary is entire with terminal style which is once branched above the middle,stigma is capitate. Fruit is a capsule 1.5 cm broad with wings.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 09/06/2009
  • Collection Nos : FAP 36402
  • Collection Locality : Thummalapalle, Kadapa district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Guntur district, Anantapur district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kadapa district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Puri district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Saldanha, C. J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dodonaea viscosa. Downloaded on 20 September 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.