Dimocarpus longan Lour.

 
  • Family : SAPINDACEAE
    (SOAPBERRY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapindaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Nephelium longana (Lam.) Camb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Dimocarpus longan Lour.
  • Common name : Longan Eyeball tree, Longan tree
  • Vernacular name : Sempovan, Puvatti, Kattupuvan (Tamil); Chempoovam, Chempunna, Malampoovathi, Poripunna (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in evergreen forests of sholas above 1000m. Berries edible.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-September
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district, Pune district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Nelagiri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, The Nilgiri district
  • Native : Indo-Malaysia, Southeast Asia
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, China, Taiwan, Hainan, Malay Peninsula, Java, Borneo, Phillipines, New Guinea
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Parthsarathy, N & Pragasan , A L 2009. Check List 5(3):542-569; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dimocarpus longan. Downloaded on 19 November 2019.

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