Santalum album L.

 
  • Family : SANTALACEAE
    (SANDALWOOD FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Santalaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Santalum album L.
  • Common name : Sandalwood Tree, White sandal tree
  • Vernacular name : Chandan, Safed chandan (Hindi); Srigandha mara (Kannada); Santhanam (Tamil); Chandana, Shrikand (Sanskrit); Chandan (Marathi); Chandan, Gondassaro (Oria); Chandanam (Telugu); Chandanam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Foothills of dry deciduous forests and also in homesteads
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on foothills to 1400m, sometimes abundant on lower slopes. The species is distributed widely in South India and is under massive threat due to anthropogenic factor and demand for the fragrant wood of commerce that the plant produces.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Anantapur district, Kadapa district, Krishna district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district
    • Telangana : Nizamabad district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Kalhandi district, Planted elsewhere
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Vulnerable (VU)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; C. E. C. Fischer, 1921 - A Survey of the Flora of Anaimalai Hills in the Coimbatore District, Madras Presidency; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Santalum album. Downloaded on 21 September 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.