Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC.

 
  • Family : RUTACEAE
    (RUE or CITRUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rutaceae
  • Basionym : Fagara rhetsa Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Fagara budrunga Roxb.; Zanthoxylum budrunga (Roxb.) DC.; Zanthoxylum limonella (Dennst.) Alston
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Indian Prickly Ash
  • Vernacular name : Badrang (Hindi); Gaavate mara, Jummi mara, Aramadala mara (Kannada); Racha, Rhetsa-marmu (Telugu); Morai, Kuli (Oria); Tejavati (Sanskrit); Kothumurikku, Mullilam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional; undergrowth of trees in wet deciduous forests
  • Key identification features : Large deciduous tree; spines conical
  • Flower, Fruit : March-November
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J. Saldanha, K.P. Sreenath and S.R, Ramesh; C.J. Saldanha; S. Udaya Kumar and B. Gurudev Singh
  • Collection Date : 04/08/1979; 21/08/1969; 08/07/1982
  • Collection Nos : KFP 8876; 14570; KFP 14631
  • Collection Locality : South Kanara dist.; Hassan dist.; Uttara Kannada dist.
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Ballari district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district, Dhule district, Jalgaon district, Nandurbar district, Nashik district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Puri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Java, Philippines, Moluccas, S. Papua
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar 2015. Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT 7 (8): 7443-7459; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; M.R. Almeida (1996). Flora of Maharashtra vol.1
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Zanthoxylum rhetsa. Downloaded on 9 December 2019.

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