Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicolson

 
  • Family : RUTACEAE
    (RUE or CITRUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rutaceae
  • Basionym : Limonia crenulata Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Hesperethusa crenulata (Roxb.) M. Roem.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Elephant Nettle
  • Vernacular name : Beli (Hindi); Nayi belala, Nayi bullali, Kadubilvapatre (Kannada); Magavilvam (Tamil); Torri-velaga, Kukka valaga (Telugu); Benta, Bhenta, Baintha, Ranabele (Oria); Dadhiphala, Kattunarakam, Mahavilvam, Malanarakam, Manmatham, Narinarakam, Serakuttunarakam, Vilathi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry forests, Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Common in deciduous forests to 1300m in Ghats.
  • Key identification features : Small thorny tree; leaves crenulate imparipinnate
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district, Prakasam district, West Godavari district, Vizianagaram district, Krishna district, Guntur district, Nellore district, Kadapa district, Anantapur district, Chittoor district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Nalgonda district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Puri district, Mayurbhanj district, Angul district, Kalhandi district, Koraput district, Rayagada district, Ganjam district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Pakistan,Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indo-China, South-west China, Bhutan, Thailand, Java
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Naringi crenulata. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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