Citrus medica L.

 
  • Family : RUTACEAE
    (RUE or CITRUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rutaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Citrus medica L.
  • Common name : Citron, Wild Lemon
  • Vernacular name : Bara nimbu, Bijuara, Turani (Hindi); Madalaphala (Kannada); Kattu naarthai (Tamil); Lungamu (Telugu); Jambira, Limbu (Oria); Karuna, Mahalunga (Sanskrit); Bijora, Mahalungi, Mitha limbu (Marathi); Ganapathi-naragam, Gilam, Kottanaranga, Madulungam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Thickets along streams
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated for its edible fruits. Fruits are pickled and known to have good medicinal properties.
  • Key identification features : A small tree in thickets
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Prakasam district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, The Nilgiri district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruchirapalli district, Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district)
  • World Distribution : Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Citrus medica. Downloaded on 12 December 2019.

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