Citrus aurantium L.

 
  • Family : RUTACEAE
    (RUE or CITRUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rutaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Citrus × natsudaidai (Yu.Tanaka) Hayata; Citrus × reshni (Engl.) Yu.Tanaka
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Citrus × aurantium L.
  • Common name : Sour Orange, Bitter Orange, Begarid Orange, Seville orange
  • Vernacular name : Khatta Santra (Hindi); Mallika Naringi (Telugu); Karna, Madhuranaragam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated for its edible fruits, often runs wild.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-August
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Nagpur district, Osmanabad district, Pune district
  • Native : China, Indonesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Citrus aurantium. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

Botanical Description

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Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.