Spermacoce articularis L. f.

  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (Madder Or Coffee Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COFFEE FAMILY (कॉफी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : RUBIACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Borreria articularis (L.f.) F.N.Williams
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Spermacoce articularis L.f.
  • Common name : Shaggy buttonweed
  • Vernacular name : Madana, Nadana, Madana grandthi, Madanak (Telugu); Solaganthi, Sanaghar podia, Jibkata (Oria); Kudalchurukki, Nattahachuri, Tharthavel (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Grasslands and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Common weed in waste places of low elevation forests
  • Key identification features : A diffuse or prostrate herb, rusty brown. Leave elliptic-oblong, subsessile. Inflorescence axillary few-flowerd clusters. Capsule hispid, obovoid. Seeds oblong
  • Flower, Fruit : June-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district
    • Telangana : Warangal district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Ballari district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Kolar district, MST, Raichur district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : All districts of Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • World Distribution : India, China, Malaysia, Indo-China, Philippines, Tropical Africa
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Spermacoce articularis. Downloaded on 17 January 2022.

Botanical Description

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