Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa

 
  • Family : RUTACEAE
    (RUE or CITRUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rutaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aegle marmelos (L.)Correa
  • Common name : Bael Tree, Holy Tree, Bengal quince, Holy fruit tree, Indian Bael, Stone apple, Wood Apple
  • Vernacular name : Bael, Sirphal (Hindi); Bilva patra mara (Kannada); Vilva (Tamil); Maredu (Telugu); Belo, Baelo (Oria); Bilva (Sanskrit); Bel (Marathi); Koolakam, Koovalam, Vilvam, Mavilavu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests, also temple premises and homesteads
  • Comments / notes : Considered as a sacred tree and planted in and around places of worship. Root and bark highly medicinal. Fruit pulp edible and used in confectionery.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts in Maharashtra
    • Odisha : All districts of Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China; widely cultivated in Southeast Asia, Malesia, Tropical Africa and the United States
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1996; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Davanagere
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aegle marmelos. Downloaded on 23 October 2019.

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