Psydrax umbellata (Wight) Bridson

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (Madder Or Coffee Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COFFEE FAMILY (कॉफी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : RUBIACEAE
  • Basionym : Canthium umbellatum Wight
  • Synonym(s) : Canthium dicoccum var. umbellatum (Wight) Santapau & Merchant
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Psydrax umbellata (Wight) Bridson
  • Vernacular name : Nallamantharam, Alampamaram (Tamil); Alli, Balusu, Nalla balusu, Nakkina, Nakkeri, Niralli (Telugu); Nanjul, Karimchulungu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests and sacred groves, also mixed forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills at higher altitudes from 1200m onwards in evergreen forests and sholas. A higher altitude replacement of var. diccocum.
  • Key identification features : Galls are often seen along the leaf axil.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-August
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy, K. Sankara Rao, Arun Singh & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 24/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0493
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka WLS, Khurda district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Vishakapatnam district, Kurnool district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Keonjhar district, Koraput district, Cuttack district, Mayurbhanj district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Madurai district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Malay peninsula, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379-381.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Psydrax umbellata. Downloaded on 23 October 2020.

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