Psychotria nigra (Gaertn.) Alston

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (Madder Or Coffee Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COFFEE FAMILY (कॉफी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : RUBIACEAE
  • Basionym : Grumilea nigra Gaertn.
  • Synonym(s) : Psychotria thwaitesii Hook.f.; Psychotria thwaitesii var. zeylanica Hook.f.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Psychotria nigra (Gaertn.) Alston
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in forests of Western Ghats
  • Key identification features : A glabrous shrub. Leaves obovate or oblanceolate, acute. Flowers sessile, mixed with rufous hairs in terminal sessile or peduncled cymes. Drupe globose, crowned with the calyx-limb; pyrenes smooth
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collection Nos : HFP 1661, CJS 11126
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Psychotria nigra. Downloaded on 30 October 2020.

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