Rubia cordifolia L.

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (MADDER or COFFEE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rubiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Rubia cordifolia L.
  • Common name : Indian Madder
  • Vernacular name : Manjeet, Majit (Hindi); Manjusta, Chitravalli, Somalate, Siragatti (Kannada); Manjeeti, Sayakodi, Pacchai muruli (Tamil); Mandesti, Iratiga, Tamara valli, Chiranji, Manjestateega, Manjista tige, Manderti, Mangala katti (Telugu); Rango chireta, Kuramadu, Manjisttha (Oria); Chovvallikkodi, Ellumbarakki, Manjadi, Manjetti, Manjishta, Poont, Poovathu, Sivollikkodi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Hills above 800m on thickets
  • Flower, Fruit : August-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : All hills of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Paleotropics
  • World Distribution : India, Africa, Siberia, Mangolia, China, Japan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Vietnam, Malaysia, Europe
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Rubia cordifolia. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

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