Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth.

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (MADDER or COFFEE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rubiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth.
  • Common name : True Kadamb, Kaim, Corn Snapdragon Tree
  • Vernacular name : Kadamb, Karam, Kaim, Kalmi, Kadam (Hindi); Kadamba, Kongu (Kannada); Neerkadambai, Ilukki (Tamil); Battagenugu, Nirkadambe (Telugu); Gudikaima, Mundi, Mur, Mitikunia, Gurikoima, Kali-kadamba, Godakoim (Oria); Vitanah (Sanskrit); Kalamb (Marathi); Kadamamaram, Kadambu, Neerkadambu, Poochakadambu, Sirikadamba, Veembu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous and deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on foothills to 900m, often along rivers, also in plains. Form Buttress
  • Key identification features : Stem butrussed
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy & K.Rajasekhar; Raja K. Swamy & Arun Singh
  • Collection Date : 02-02-2010; 12-09-2014
  • Collection Nos : FAP 37961; HJCB-0017
  • Collection Locality : Kalasamudram, Anantapur district (AP); Javadu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Nellore district, Vishakapatnam district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kurnool district, Prakasam district, Anantapur district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Gajapati district, Cuttack district, Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district, Bargarh district, Malkangiri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvannamalai district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Mitragyna parvifolia. Downloaded on 8 December 2019.

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