Knoxia sumatrensis (Retz.) DC.

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (MADDER or COFFEE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rubiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Knoxia mollis R.Br. ex Wight & Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Knoxia sumatrensis (Retz.) DC.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : All types of forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains and Western Ghats; On hills from 1000m onwards on bare slopes. Infrequent in deciduous forests
  • Key identification features : An erect herb up to 1.5 m tall, pubescent. Leaves petioled, narrowly lanceolate, sparsely pubescent on both surfaces. Flowers bluish or pale violet, in terminal corymbose cymes. Fruit ellipsoidal, white villous
  • Flower, Fruit : June-January
  • Collection Nos : HFP 1070, CJS 14207
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Galikonda Hills, Sunkarimetta Hills, Cherukonda Hills (Visakhapatnam district), Kadapa district, Chittoor district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Bhandara district, Chandrapur district, Kolhapur district, Pune district, Nagpur district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district, Yavatmal district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Salem district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; N.P. Singh, P. Lakshminarasimhan, S. Karthikeyan & P. V. Prasanna (2001). Flora of Maharashtra state, Dicotyledones. Vol. 2. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Knoxia sumatrensis. Downloaded on 14 December 2019.

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