Gardenia latifolia Aiton

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (Madder Or Coffee Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COFFEE FAMILY (कॉफी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : RUBIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gardenia latifolia Aiton
  • Common name : Indian Boxwood
  • Vernacular name : Ban-pindalu, Paphar, Papra (Hindi); Adavi bikke, Kadu bikkemara, Kambi, Kalkambi (Kannada); Kattumarikkalam, Kalkottai, Kumbai, Perumpavattai (Tamil); Pedda bikki, Adavi bikki, Tharpi chettu, Pedda manga, Pedda karinguva, Karinga, Gaigar (Telugu); Damkudum, Kotaranga, Damkurudu, Jantia, Dambaru, Kotranga, Danbasu, Daimbaru, Dimaru, Papra (Oria)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Common in open forests, rocky hills in deciduous forests up to 1000m in full sun.
  • Key identification features : Bark greenish grey, exfoliating and leaving rounded dipressions. Wood is used in engraving, for turnery and in comb making
  • Flower, Fruit : August-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Nellore district, Kurnool district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Vizianagaram district, East Godavari district, Krishna district, Guntur district, Prakasam district, Kadapa district, Anantapur district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Nalgonda district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Koraput district, Mayurbhanj district, Malkangiri district, Bargarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gardenia latifolia. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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