Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides (Wall.) Deb & B.Krishna

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (Madder Or Coffee Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COFFEE FAMILY (कॉफी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : RUBIACEAE
  • Basionym : Psychotria ophioxyloides Wall.
  • Synonym(s) : Chassalia ophioxyloides (Wall.) Craib.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides (Wall.) Deb & B.Krishna
  • Vernacular name : Kaadu garudapaathala (Kannada); Karutha-amalppori, Yamari, Vellakurinji (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Common in all type of forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : The plant with the generic name 'Chassalia' is the widely accepted name, however some taxonomists have used 'Chasalia', as a spelling variant.
  • Key identification features : Tall shrubs; Leaves oblanceolate, abruptly acuminate; stipule connate, ovate, membraneous; Flowers in cymes, terminal, panicled, glabrous, subsessile; calyx long, globose, lobes ovate; corolla 8 mm long, curved, lobes ovate, obtuse; stamens 5, included; anthers linear. Ovary 2-celled, ovule one in each cell; style 2-fid at apex. Fruit 6 mm across, globose, glabrous, 2-seeded.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-November
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Shivamogga district, Chikkamagaluru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
  • Native : Indo-Malaysia
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Borneo, Philippines, Nepal, China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides. Downloaded on 13 July 2020.

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