Gardenia turgida Roxb.

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (MADDER or COFFEE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rubiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Ceriscoides turgida (Roxb.) Tirveng.; Gardenia montana Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ceriscoides turgida (Roxb.) Tirveng.
  • Common name : Spinous Cape Jasmine
  • Vernacular name : Khurrur, Ghurga, Thanella (Hindi); Bonagaare (Kannada); Yerribikki, Tella kokkita, Manjunda, Konda manga, Karinguva, Botakari, Pedda bikki (Telugu); Kurdu, Bhamenia, Dhobelkirat, Dhobai, Bamunia (Oria); Malankara, Karkar, Vellakara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills of lower slopes from 300-600m, on very dry and full sun-exposed slopes.
  • Flower, Fruit : November-June
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy, K. Sankara Rao & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 24/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0466
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka WLS, Khurda district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Krishna district, NLG, Guntur district, Prakasam district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Kadapa district, Anantapur district, Chittoor district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Nalgonda district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Puri district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Dharmapuri Hills, Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gardenia turgida. Downloaded on 14 December 2019.

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