Gardenia gummifera L.f.

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (MADDER or COFFEE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rubiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gardenia gummifera L.f.
  • Common name : Cumbi-gum Tree, Dekamella-gum gardenia, Gummy cape jasmine
  • Vernacular name : Dikamali (Hindi); Bukki gida (Kannada); Vellapavatta, Pannipavattai (Tamil); Manchibiki, Karinguva, Cittamatta, Tella monga, Bikki, Chinna mitta, Chit-mit (Telugu); Gurudu, Bhuronkuli, Khuradu, Bhurudu, Kurlu (Oria); Naadihingu (Sanskrit); Kambimaram, Somanadikayam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Leaf buds yeild yellow resin which is used in medicines. Fruit edible.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Prakasam district, Kadapa district, Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : Idukki district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district, Angul district, Kalhandi district, Sambalpur district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; : Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gardenia gummifera. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.