Cinchona officinalis L.

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (MADDER or COFFEE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rubiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cinchona officinalis L.
  • Vernacular name : Koina (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : The wood is used extensively in extraction of Quinine, an anti-malarial drug.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dindigul district
  • World Distribution : South and Central America; cultivated in old Tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3;
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cinchona officinalis. Downloaded on 14 December 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

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Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.