Canthium parviflorum Lam.

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (MADDER or COFFEE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rubiaceae
  • Basionym : Gmelina coromandalica Burm.f.
  • Synonym(s) : Plectronia parviflora (Lam.) Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston
  • Common name : Carray Cheddle, Coromandel Canthium, Honey-thorn, Wild jessamine
  • Vernacular name : Gangeruki (Sanskrit); Kirma, Kadbar (Hindi); Khare mullina gida, Kaaki, Kaare gida (Kannada); Mullukkarai, Theravai, Sengarai (Tamil); Balusu, Chinnabalusu (Telugu); Tuthudi (Oria); Gangeruki (Sanskrit); Kandakara, Karamullu, Kattaramullu, Madhakara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Scrub and dry deciduous forests, also in sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Common in Scrub forests
  • Key identification features : A stout shrub; spines supra-axillary, straight. Leaves ovate to elliptic, acute or acuminate at apex. Flowers small, greenish-yellow. Corolla-tube short; lobes ovate, acute. Drupe obcordate, 1 cm in diam, yellow when ripe.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-January
  • Collection Nos : HFP 9, CJS 14679
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Canthium parviflorum. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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