Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Mill.

 
  • Family : RHAMNACEAE
    (Buckthorn Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BER FAMILY (बेर फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : RHAMNACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Rhamnus oenoplia L. (Z. oenopolia L. spl. vari.)
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ziziphus oenopolia (L.) Mill.
  • Common name : Jackal Jujube, Indian Plum
  • Vernacular name : Makkaya, Makai, Makoh (Hindi); Chee mullu, Choori mullu (Kannada); Chooraimullu, Kottei, Shingai (Tamil); Paranu, Pariki, Paraki, Banka, Paragi, Banka parike (Telugu); Kantakoli, Kantaikoli, Burukoli, Kanakoli, Tinkoli (Oria); Karkandhu (Sanskrit); Bor (Marathi); Cheriyalantha, Cheruthudali, Churimullu, Kothavalli, Kottaipazham, Mulli, Thodalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Moist and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Common on plains, along roadsides and hills up to 1200m. Fruits are edible.
  • Key identification features : Stems form blackish galls.
  • Flower, Fruit : June-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Telangana : Khammam district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : All districts
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Hotter parts of India, Tropical Asia, Australia.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ziziphus oenoplia. Downloaded on 12 July 2020.

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