Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr.

 
  • Family : RHIZOPHORACEAE
    (MANGROVE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rhizophoraceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr.
  • Vernacular name : Kierpa (Hindi); Andamuria, Andepunar (Kannada); Kaaralli, Kaarvalli, Gijuru chettu (Telugu); Manj (Oria); Vallabham, vankan, varanga, varrungu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-Evergreen forests, plains and mangrove littoral
  • Comments / notes : Gamble (l.c) reports its occurrence from Kadapa hills, but this was reported neither by Ellis (1987) nor by Madusudana Rao (1989) during their Floristic Studies on Kadapa district. There is one old collection (MH, 19843) from Kadapa hills without name, date and exact locality. This finding indicates that the above collections might be from Seshachalam hills which combines both Kadapa and Chittoor districts
  • Flower, Fruit : October-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, Chittoor district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Angul district, Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district, Sambalpur district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bangladesh, China, Madagascar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Carallia brachiata. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.