Ziziphus rugosa Lam.

 
  • Family : RHAMNACEAE
    (BUCKTHORN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rhamnaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ziziphus rugosa Lam.
  • Vernacular name : Suran churna (Hindi); Kotte hannu (Kannada); Kattilandai, Sudu thoratti, Charai, Kattaimaram (Tamil); Pindi parike, Pindu parighamu (Telugu); Chulkel, Tinkoli, Chenu-koli, Chunkuli, Kotaikoli, Simukoli (Oria); Juli, Kottamullu, Malamthudali, Thodali (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Grasslands and deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hills to 1500m and on exposed dry slopes and forest borders
  • Key identification features : A large straggling thorny shrub or small tree
  • Flower, Fruit : November-July
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Kolar district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Mumbai Suburban district, Chandrapur district, Jalgaon district, Nashik district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1996; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; M.R. Almeida (1996). Flora of Maharashtra vol..
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ziziphus rugosa. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

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