Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) R.Br.

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (DOGBANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Quirivelia frutescens (L.) M.R.Almeida & S.M.Almeida
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton
  • Common name : Slender Dog-Bane, Black creeper
  • Vernacular name : Ulpalasaaribaa (Sanskrit); Kaalidhudi, Dudhi, Dudilata (Hindi); Gauri balli, Koogal balli (Kannada); Palvalli (Malayalam); Udarkodi, Manipilankodi (Tamil); Illukatte, Nallateege, Karrativva, Mani tivva, Korampala, Kaarampala, Palativva (Telugu); Madhobi, Soyamnoi, Tapar lohar, Sugandhi-mal, Swanati, Dudilata, Shymalata (Oria)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests and plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains to 1100m, in scrub jungles, deciduous forests and road clearings on thickets and bushes. A ready colonizer.
  • Key identification features : An evergreen woody twiner with milky sap. Leaves are elliptic-oblong or lance-shaped, tip pointed or tapering, dark green above, and paler beneath. Flowers are borne in many flowered clusters. Flowers are small with wheel-shaped spreading hairy petals, about 1 cm. across. Fruit is a follicle, solitary or paired.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-December
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R & Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 13/09/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0034
  • Collection Locality : Alangayam R.F., Jawadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Bengaluru district, Dharwad district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Madurai district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Namakkal district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Villipuram district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district, Sivaganga district, Thoothkudi district
  • Native : Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia to Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ichnocarpus frutescens. Downloaded on 22 October 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.