Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) R.Br.

  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Quirivelia frutescens (L.) M.R.Almeida & S.M.Almeida
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton
  • Common name : Slender Dog-Bane, Black creeper
  • Vernacular name : Ulpalasaaribaa (Sanskrit); Kaalidhudi, Dudhi, Dudilata (Hindi); Gauri balli, Koogal balli (Kannada); Palvalli (Malayalam); Udarkodi, Manipilankodi (Tamil); Illukatte, Nallateege, Karrativva, Mani tivva, Korampala, Kaarampala, Palativva (Telugu); Madhobi, Soyamnoi, Tapar lohar, Sugandhi-mal, Swanati, Dudilata, Shymalata (Oria)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests and plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains to 1100m, in scrub jungles, deciduous forests and road clearings on thickets and bushes. A ready colonizer.
  • Key identification features : An evergreen woody twiner with milky sap. Leaves are elliptic-oblong or lance-shaped, tip pointed or tapering, dark green above, and paler beneath. Flowers are borne in many flowered clusters. Flowers are small with wheel-shaped spreading hairy petals, about 1 cm. across. Fruit is a follicle, solitary or paired.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-December
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R & Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 13/09/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0034
  • Collection Locality : Alangayam R.F., Jawadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Bengaluru district, Dharwad district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Madurai district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Namakkal district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Villipuram district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district, Sivaganga district, Thoothkudi district
  • Native : Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia to Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ichnocarpus frutescens. Downloaded on 21 January 2020.

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