Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.

 
  • Family : RHAMNACEAE
    (BUCKTHORN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rhamnaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn. non Mill. 1768; Rhamnus jujuba L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ziziphus jujuba Mill.
  • Common name : Common Jujube, Indian Jujube, Jujube tree, Chinese date
  • Vernacular name : Ber (Hindi); Bugari mara, Bare hannina mara (Kannada); Ilanthai, Yellande (Tamil); Regu, Rengha, Gangareegu, Gongarenu, Regikarakandhavu, Reni (Telugu); Barokoli, Bodokoli, Bodori, Boyer, Barakuli (Oria); Badarah, Kolahi (Sanskrit); Bor (Marathi); Badari, Badaram, Cherumali, Elentha, Jujuba, Ilantha, Kolam, Lanthapazham, Parinthudar, Perimthudal (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous and scrub forests
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 500m and in cultivation. Fruits are edible and sold in market.
  • Key identification features : Bark dark grey with vertical cracks; blaze reddish and fibrous inside. Fruit edible, orange-red in colour
  • Flower, Fruit : December-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Guntur district, Kurnool district, East Godavari district, Chittoor district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Cultivated in most parts of the world.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1998 Flora of Eastern Karnataka Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ziziphus mauritiana. Downloaded on 14 December 2019.

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