Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (Dogbane Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KARONDA FAMILY (करौंदा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : APOCYNACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Chonemorpha grandiflora ( Roth ) M.R.Almeida & S.M.Almeida; Chonemorpha griffithii Hook.f.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston
  • Common name : Frangipani vine
  • Vernacular name : Garbhedare (Hindi); Manjinaru (Kannada); Murva (Sanskrit); Appuppanthadi,Mutthappanthadi, Novunni, Perumkurumba (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Comments / notes : Evergreen forests, sacred grove in the plains
  • Key identification features : A scandent shrub with copious milky latex. Leaves are opposite, large, broadly-oblong, cordate at base and hairy beneath. Flowers are in terminal lax cymes, large, salver-shaped with lobes broadly rounded. Fruit is a follicle.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collection Nos : HFP 1664, HFP 2863
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district
  • Native : Indo-Malayan
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Chonemorpha fragrans. Downloaded on 7 July 2020.

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