Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms

 
  • Family : PONTEDERIACEAE
    (Pickerel-Weed Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : JALKUMBHI FAMILY (जलकुम्भी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PONTEDERIACEAE
  • Basionym : Pontederia crassipes Mart.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms
  • Common name : Water Hyacinth
  • Vernacular name : Vengaayatthaamarai (Tamil); Bilathi dala, Kajaropati (Oria); Pisachi tamara (Telugu); Kulavazha, Kakapola (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Ponds and wet lowlands
  • Comments / notes : On hill plains in still or slow-flowing waters, often clogging irrigation canals. An aggressive weed of waste wetlands and uncleared lakes.
  • Key identification features : Aquatic free floating herb
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district,East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Kolhapur district, Nagpur district, Pune district, Raigad district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : South America
  • World Distribution : Naturalized in Asiatic Tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga district; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Eichhornia crassipes. Downloaded on 2 June 2020.

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