Portulaca quadrifida L.

 
  • Family : PORTULACACEAE
    (PURSLANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Portulacaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Portulaca quadrifida L.
  • Common name : Chicken Weed
  • Vernacular name : Chounlayi, Kaatechaval (Hindi); Goni soppu (Kannada); Tharaipasalai, Sirupasalai (Tamil); Payalakura, Pavili, Goddu pavili kura, Sanapayalaku (Telugu); Duldulia, Balbaluva (Oria); Lonika (Sanskrit); Bhuichauli, Ranghol (Marathi); Neelakeera (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Wastelands and roadsides
  • Comments / notes : Common, weed of cultivated lands and open forests, plains from the coast to 600m.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district (Kurnool district), Guntur district (Guntur district), Tirumala Hills (Chittoor district)
    • Karnataka : Kolar district
    • Kerala : Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • World Distribution : Pantropic (Except Australia and the Pacific East of Samoa)
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Portulaca quadrifida. Downloaded on 22 November 2019.

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