Portulaca oleracea L.

 
  • Family : PORTULACACEAE
    (PURSLANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Portulacaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Portulaca oleracea L.
  • Common name : Common purselane, Garden purselane, Indian parselane
  • Vernacular name : Khursa, Baralaniya, Khulpha (Hindi); Vazhukkaikeerai, Karikeerai, Pulikeerai, Parupukkirai (Tamil); Payalaku, Pedda payili-kura, Ganga pavili-kura, Pappu koora (Telugu); Parunigag, Bada balbaluva (Oria); Bhuigoli, Kurfah, Mhotighol (Marathi); Cheriyagolicheera, Karicheera, Kozhuppa, Kozhuppacheera, Manalcheera, Suvandacheera, Uppucheera (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Wet areas in degraded forests, also weed of cultivation
  • Comments / notes : Leaf is edible and used as a vegetable
  • Key identification features : Succulent prostrate herb. Leaves obovate, truncate at apex. Flowers yellow. Capsule cone-shaped. Seeds numerous dark brown to black
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Portulaca oleracea. Downloaded on 18 November 2019.

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