Carissa spinarum L.

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (DOGBANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Carissa congesta Wight
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Carissa spinarum L.
  • Common name : Small carissa
  • Vernacular name : Karamarada (Sanskrit); Karonda, Karaunda (Hindi); Palaregi, Kalivi, Chinna kalivi, Chinna vaaka (Telugu); Auka kuli, Ankhu-koli, Dud koli, San karenda, Pham pham mali (Oria); Karamarada (Sanskrit); Sirukilaa (Tamil)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Scrub jungles
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 900m in scrub jungles, on degraded slopes. Fruits are pickled and edible when ripe
  • Key identification features : Armed shrub with straight or slightly curved spines. Leaves are simple, thin, and broadly ovate or sub orbicular, up to 2.5 inch long,1.5 inch broad. Inflorescence is a cyme, flowers are white and ciliate. Fruit is a 4 seeded berry.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-July
  • Collector(s) Name : K. Sankara Rao, Arun Singh, Navendu Page & Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 24/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : Stevens 588, CS 1140, HJCB-049
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka WLS, Khurda district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Carissa spinarum. Downloaded on 8 December 2019.

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