Carissa carandas L.

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (DOGBANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Carissa carandas L.
  • Common name : Christ's Thorn, Bengal Currants, Jasmine flowered Carissa
  • Vernacular name : Karando, Karaunda (Hindi); Karande gida (Kannada); Kilaakkaai, Kalakkay (Tamil); Pedda kalivi, Peddavaka kaya, Kali-kai, Vaaka, Kalivi, Vaka (Telugu): Kerenda Koli, Anku Koli (Oria); Karamardaka, Krishna phala (Sanskrit); Karakka, Karanda, Kalachedi, Klavu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Dry forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional. On plains in scrub jungles to 900m, on river banks etc.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, West Godavari district, East Godavari district, Chittoor district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Kalhandi district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Dharmapuri district, Vellore district, Cuddalore district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaysia and widespread by cultivation
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Carissa carandas. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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