Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash

 
  • Family : POACEAE
    (GRASS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Poaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty
  • Common name : Vetiver, Ghass, Cuscus grass, Vetiver, Khas-khas, Khus-khus
  • Vernacular name : Khas (Hindi); Lavancha beru, Mudivala beru (Kannada); Usheer, Sugandhimool (Sanskrit); Khas-Khas, Ishir, Vala (Marathi); Ramacham, Vettiver (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Banks of streams and backwaters
  • Comments / notes : Often in plains in discrete clumps. Cultivated for its aromatic oil in tropical Africa and introduced to West Indies
  • Flower, Fruit : July-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Mysuru district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Mandya district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Bhandara district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Chandrapur district, Kolhapur district, Nagpur district, Nashik district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Yavatmal district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Sambalpur district, Angul district, Kendrapara district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district
  • World Distribution : India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia. Cultivated in tropical Africa and introduced to West Indies
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.2. Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vetiveria zizanioides. Downloaded on 15 November 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

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