Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

 
  • Family : POACEAE
    (GRASS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Poaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.
  • Common name : Johnson Grass (Mal.)
  • Vernacular name : Barro, Boru (Marathi); Gaddi Jonna (Telugu); Aricholam, Inchikkodi, Kakkacholam, Njanal (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Forest fringes and banks of streams
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hills above 1000m, in discrete clumps to 2m across low hill slopes to foothills.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-January
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
  • World Distribution : India and most warm countries. Widely cultivated
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.2. Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sorghum halepense. Downloaded on 18 November 2019.

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