Phragmites karka (Retz.) Trin. ex Steud.

 
  • Family : POACEAE
    (GRASS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Poaceae
  • Basionym : Arundo karka Retz.
  • Synonym(s) : Phragmites vallatoris (Pluk.ex L.) Veldk.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Phragmites karka (Retz.) Trin. ex Steud.
  • Common name : Water reed, Tall Reed
  • Vernacular name : Vezhamkole, Chora pullu (Malayalam); Perunaanal (Tamil)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Mangrove swamps and marshy areas
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 10/12/2010
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-223
  • Collection Locality : Gandi river banks, Kadapa district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, West Godavari district, East Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Hassan district
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Aurangabad district, Jalgaon district, Kolhapur district, Nagpur district, Pune district, Sangli district, Satara district
    • Odisha : Common
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Cuddalore district, Madurai district, Salem district, Tiruvallur district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : Tropical Africa, Polynesia, Australia, Tropical Asia, India, Pakistan
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Phragmites karka. Downloaded on 14 November 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

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