Eragrostis unioloides (Retz.) Nees ex Steud.

 
  • Family : POACEAE
    (Grass Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GHAS FAMILY (घास फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : POACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Eragrostis unioloides var. tremula K.C.Jaco
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Eragrostis unioloides (Retz.) Nees ex Steud.
  • Vernacular name : Holpoho, Chimandara (Marathi); Karayampullu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Bunds of paddy fields, streams, banks of backwaters and waste places
  • Comments / notes : Common in open grasslands, in coast and hills and near water bodies
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Common
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Cosmopolitan
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Eragrostis unioloides. Downloaded on 5 July 2020.

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