Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.

 
  • Family : APIACEAE
    (CARROT or CORIANDER or PARSLEY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
  • Common name : Indian Penny wort, Centella, Pohekula, Spadeleaf
  • Vernacular name : Kulakudi, Brahma manduki (Hindi); Ondelagu soppu, Urage soppu, Saraswati soppu, Brahmi soppu (Kannada); Vallarai (Tamil); Brahmi, Saraswataku (Telugu); Talkuni, Thalkuri, Bhui pataki, Duasag, Duvapathro (Oria); Mandookaparni (Sanskrit); Kodangal, Kudakan, Kuthirakkulambuchedi, Mutthil, Vellara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Stream banks and other water courses
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in moist places of low lying areas along marshes. Considered highly medicinal and used in Ayurveda
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Old World tropics
  • World Distribution : Tropical & sub-tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Centella asiatica. Downloaded on 21 October 2019.

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