Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf

 
  • Family : POACEAE
    (GRASS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Poaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
  • Common name : Lemon grass, West-Indian Lemon grass, Oil grass, Lemon grass, Melissa grass
  • Vernacular name : Gandhatrin (Hindi); Majjige hullu (Kannada); Bhustrnah (Sanskrit); Gavatichaha (Marathi); Chayapullu, Chenganampullu, Chonakapullu, Inchipullu, Kothipullu, Padarpullu, Sambarapullu, Thannakkapullu, Theruvapullu, Thyilapullu, Vasanappullu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Grasslands
  • Comments / notes : Yeilds an essential oil popularly called as 'Lemon-grass-oil' which is used in herbal industries
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district, Nashik district, Pune district, Ratnagiri district, Solapur district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dindigul district
  • World Distribution : Tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; B.D. Sharma et al., 1996. Flora of Maharashtra state: Monocolydens. BSI
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cymbopogon citratus. Downloaded on 22 November 2019.

Botanical Description

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Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.