Bambusa arundinacea Willd.

 
  • Family : POACEAE
    (GRASS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Poaceae
  • Basionym : Arundo bambos L.
  • Synonym(s) : Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss
  • Common name : Thorny Bamboo, Bamboo, Spiny bamboo
  • Vernacular name : Vamsha (Sanskrit); Bidiru, Hebbidiru (Kannada); Kaset, Kashti (Marathi); Karmmaram, Mula, Mungil, Kabu, Kaniyaram, Pattil (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests, also grown in homesteads
  • Comments / notes : Flowering once in 100 years, cultivated in gardens
  • Key identification features : Large, thorny grasses; Culms erect, woody, tufted, rhizomatous, sheathed broadly with dense brownish-hairs; Leaves simple, alternate with linear, glabrous sheaths; Inflorescence unit is a Spikelet which is compoundly panicled with the spikelets in heads; Stamens 6; Filaments filiform; Anthers versatile; Style 1; Stigma plumose; Ovary superior; Fruit is a Caryopsis.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Nellore district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : Introduced elsewhere
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bambusa arundinacea. Downloaded on 20 November 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.