Plumbago zeylanica L.

 
  • Family : PLUMBAGINACEAE
    (LEADWORT or THE PLUMBAGO FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Plumbaginaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Plumbago zeylanica L.
  • Common name : White Plumbago, De Ceylon Lead wort, Ceylon leadwort, Lead wort, White leadwort, Wild Plumbago
  • Vernacular name : Chitra (Hindi); Bili chitra mula (Kannada); Chithiramoolam, Kodivaeli (Tamil); Tella chitramulam, Chitramulam (Telugu); Dhola chitaparu, Chintamani, Ogni, Chintapari (Oria); Chitraka (Sanskrit); Koduveli, Kottuveli, Thumbakoduveli, Vellakoduveli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Frequent in bushes
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Ballari district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Dharwad district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All disricts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1987). Flora of Tamilnadu, India vol. 2.; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Plumbago zeylanica. Downloaded on 14 November 2019.

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