Pittosporum floribundum Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : PITTOSPORACEAE
    (PITTOSPORUM FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Pittosporaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Pittosporum wightii A.K.Mukh.; Pittosporum napaulense (DC.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Pittosporum napaulense (DC.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson
  • Vernacular name : Thammata (Kannada); Vellai Pacha murukku, Kattu sampangi, Nangundai (Tamil); Rakautti, Rakamuki, Chettu-kasirda (Telugu); Debosunda, Purshpashan, Devson, Dabosunda, Chachin (Oria); Kasumaram (Malayalam); Vikhara, Yekadia, Yekti (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist, dry deciduous and shola forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in hilly regions in high altitudes and above 1000m in sholas. Bark is used as an antidote for snake bites
  • Key identification features : Small tree. Sap watery, drying sticky. Leaf margins wavy. Fruit green turning orange, dehiscing wide exposing the red seeds
  • Flower, Fruit : October-January
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 12/09/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0031; KFP 1742, KFP 9595, KFP 12638
  • Collection Locality : Pudunur R.F., Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Tirumala Hills (Chittoor district), Anantagiri Hills (Vishakapatnam district), Horsley Hills (Chittoor district), Vizianagaram district, Rampa Hills (East Godavari district)
    • Karnataka : Uttara Kannada district, Mysuru district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, HAN, Belagavi district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district, Pune district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Koraput district, Kalhandi district; Mahendragiri Hills (Ganjam district), Gajapati district, Deomali hills (Koraput district), Kalhandi district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Guttirayan Hills (Dharmapuri district), Kambukudi RF (Vellore district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Namakkal district,, Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Southwest India
  • World Distribution : India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Himalayas, Madagascar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Rao & Razi, 1981 - A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.; M.R. Almeida (1996). Flora of Maharashtra vol.1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Pittosporum floribundum. Downloaded on 20 November 2019.

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