Piper nigrum L.

 
  • Family : PIPERACEAE
    (PEPPER FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Piperaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Piper nigrum L.
  • Common name : Black Pepper, Common pepper, Pepper
  • Vernacular name : Kalimirch (Hindi); Karimenasu, Ollemenasu (Kannada); Milagu (Tamil); Maricha (Sanskrit); Kurumulaku, Mulakkukodi, Nallamulaka (Malayalam); Gole mirch (Oria); Miriyalu tige (Telugu)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-evergreen and also cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills above 1200m, in cultivation and in wild.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Bolangir district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka and cultivated elsewhere
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Parthsarathy, N & Muthumperumal, C 2009. Check List 5(1): 092-111; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Piper nigrum. Downloaded on 22 November 2019.

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