Sesamum indicum L.

 
  • Family : PEDALIACEAE
    (Pedalium Or Sesame Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TIL FAMILY (तिल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PEDALIACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Sesamum orientale L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sesamum indicum L.
  • Common name : Sesame, Gingelly Oil, Gingelly, Beniseed, Gingelly, Simsim
  • Vernacular name : Tila (Sanskrit); Til (Hindi); Yellu (Kannada); Yellu (Tamil); Nuvvulu, Til nuvvulu (Telugu); Khasa, Rasi, Rasa (Oria); Ellu, Karuthellu, Yelluchedi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : A common cultivated plant for its oil, used commercially as the Gingelly oil, especially in temples for lighting lamps.
  • Key identification features : An erect annual, often branched, branches
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 09/12/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 41976; R.R.Rao 1086
  • Collection Locality : Gollalaguduru, Kadapa district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
  • Native : Tropical Africa, Asia
  • World Distribution : Warmer regions of the world
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sesamum indicum. Downloaded on 6 June 2020.

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