Martynia annua L.

 
  • Family : PEDALIACEAE
    (Pedalium Or Sesame Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TIL FAMILY (तिल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MARTYNIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Martynia annua L.
  • Common name : Devils'claw, Tiger claw, Snake's head
  • Vernacular name : Baghnakhi, Bichu, Mathajori (Hindi); Thaelkodukkukai, Kaakka mooku-chedi (Tamil); Thelu kondi kaya, Garuda mukku, Puligoru-chettu (Telugu); Vinchavi (Marathi); Angora, Baghanaki(Ori); Kakka-chundu, Pulinakham (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Along road sides and as weed of wastelands
  • Comments / notes : Introduced species from Central America, now naturalized in most hills along wastelands, and sometimes runs wild.
  • Key identification features : Stout sticky herb, at times as an undershrub. Purple-pink flowers, hairy with a yellow throat with a dark pink spot on each lobes.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 09/06/2009
  • Collection Nos : FAP 36441
  • Collection Locality : K.K. Kottala, Kadapa district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Common
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chitradurga district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Common
  • Native : Central America, Mexico
  • World Distribution : Tropical & sub-tropical America, Mexico, Pakistan, Nepal, India, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Martynia annua. Downloaded on 1 December 2020.

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